Pelvic prolapse is a condition that occurs when muscles and ligaments supporting your pelvic organs weaken. As a result, these organs (uterus, vagina, cervix, bladder, urethra, or rectum) slip from their normal position.
Severe uterine prolapse can cause the uterus to slip partially into the vagina. It may cause the upper part of the vagina to sag into the vaginal canal or even outside the vagina.
Some women with prolapse have no symptoms. Others may experience a feeling of sitting on a ball, pulling in the pelvis, pelvic or abdominal pain, painful intercourse, protrusion of tissue from the vagina, bladder infections, vaginal bleeding, unusual discharge, constipation or frequent urination.
Pelvic prolapse is common, affecting about one in every three women who have had a child. One in nine women experience symptoms severe enough to need surgery.
Risk factors for prolapse include multiple vaginal deliveries, age, obesity, hysterectomy, and smoking.
If your symptoms from pelvic prolapse are severe and affect your lifestyle, your doctor may recommend surgery. Prolapse surgery is also known as sacrocolpopexy. During the procedure, the mesh is used to hold the affected pelvic organ(s) in their correct natural position. The procedure is not the same as what occurs during transvaginal placement of mesh.
Sacrocolpopexy can also be performed after a hysterectomy and can provide long-term support for the vagina.
If you are facing pelvic prolapse surgery, you may be a candidate for da Vinci Sacrocolpopexy. da Vinci surgeons make just a few small incisions instead of a large open incision - similar to traditional laparoscopy. The da Vinci System features a magnified 3D high-definition vision system and special wristed instruments that bend and rotate far greater than the human wrist. As a result, da Vinci enables your doctor to operate with enhanced vision, precision, dexterity, and control.
Potential benefits of da Vinci Sacrocolpopexy are:
- Less blood loss
- Shorter hospital stay
- Small incisions for minimal scarring
- Less blood loss
- Shorter duration with a catheter